Making juice from fresh fruits and vegetables is a breeze if you have the right equipment. In recent years, the dietary guidelines for the amount of fresh produce recommended for daily consumption has gone up to four or five cups. This means that if we want to stay in optimum health, we need to have a big salad daily and a big serving of veggies and fruits as part of at least one meal. This can be a lot to have every day and likely not possible for many, if not all people. So what is one to do? Juicing fruits and vegetables is an easy, and often delicious, solution! Consuming the juice of nutrient-rich produce is healthy because juice retains most of the vitamins, minerals, and plant chemicals (phytonutrients) in the veggies and fruits.
So we get the benefit of all these nutrients through the juice, and these nutrients can help protect us from heart disease, inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, and even cancer. You might think about buying juice from your local juice shop, but remember that this is generally quite expensive- fresh juices run in the $7-$10 range in most metropolitan areas. So having a juicer at home will not only save you money, but also allow you to experiment with different flavors that you like, and make juices according to your taste. There are two main types of juicers, and knowing a little about both types will help you choose the one that’s right for you.
Centrifugal Juicers: These have a high speed spinning blade that turns produce into liquid. They leave behind a lot of wet pulp, which means wastage of juice. These juicers may also have a lot of different parts that may need to be cleaned by hand after each use. The fast spinning blades also produce heat that destroy beneficial enzymes in the produce. A lot of air is introduced into the juice with the spinning blades, making for frothy juice that will not stay good in the refrigerator and needs to be consumed right away. On the upside, these juicers are not very expensive, and are fast.
Cold Press or Masticating Juicers: These are slower than the centrifugal juicers and operate by using a masticating (chewing) or cold press method. No heat is produced due to a slow moving motor and juice quality is superior. Using a lower speed, these juicers gently compress fruit and vegetables to ‘squeeze’ out their juice. There is less wastage, enzyme integrity, and the juice extracted can stay good for up to 72 hours. These juicers are well- suited for juicing leafy greens, sprouts, herbs, and grasses, since almost no juice can be extracted from them with a centrifugal juicer. These juicers are slower though, and if you are in a hurry in the mornings, this type of juicer will take up more time to make juice for you. These are more expensive, but less noisy than centrifugal juicers.