Drinking water supplied to our homes is generally free of significant quantities of contaminants. But depending upon where you live, this might not be the case. There may be potentially harmful spikes in contaminants from time to time in the municipal water supply to your home. Dangerous contaminants such as lead, arsenic, nitrate, radon, and E. coli bacteria are common in tap water. If you worry about your water supply and its effects on your family’s health, you may want to think about getting a water filtration system for your kitchen.
How to Choose
Before buying water filtering equipment, read your local water quality report. If the quality of water in your home is fine, you may decide not to buy a filtration system. However, if you are dealing with contaminants, determine which kind and the type of filtration system will help you get rid of them. There are many different types of filtering systems available in the market today. You may want to consider the cost of each of these. Remember that these may have replacement filter costs associated with them. Factor in the reviews for different filtering equipment and if other people have had problems using these. How much water you use daily will also dictate the size and model of your equipment. A small carafe stored in the refrigerated might be sufficient for one or two people, but not for a bigger family that consumes several gallons of water a day. Lastly, think about the space you have in your kitchen. Can you place a big filter on your countertop, or will a tap-mounted filter work better? Do you have space under your sink to get a system installed, or is a whole-house filter the best option? Once you have taken all these important factors into account, you are set to choose suitable water filtering equipment for your kitchen.
Types of Filtration Systems
- Pitchers- These remove lead and chloroform and use a replaceable cartridge. The water drips through a carbon filter to which the contaminants get stuck, and the clean water drips down to the bottom half. You can then pour the clean water right from the pitcher.
- Faucet-mounted filter- This allows water to run from your faucet through a carbon filter as well, and you have the option of switching between unfiltered and filtered water.
- Under-sink filter- This is best suited if you need larger quantities of filtered water. Installation may require plumbing modifications.
- Reverse-osmosis filter- This has a semi-permeable membrane that can remove a wide range of contaminants including arsenic.
- Whole-house filter- This filter can remove mainly sediment and rust, but not many other contaminants.
Even though you have all these different choices to pick from, all of these filtration systems have their own drawbacks. Some are expensive, some considerably slow down the flow of water, while others require extensive work to install. So whether you are after removing contaminants or just having better tasting water, take everything into consideration before making your choice.